THE ANDORRAN MUSEUMS
Many elements of the Andorran landscape, as also of its nuclei configuarión settlement, are the product of a culture that was based on intense but rational exploitation of natural resources offered by the mountain. Heads of families, heirs, heiresses and younger are some people who have made over the centuries, the lifestyle of a country rooted in their customs and traditions. Andorra’s museums are a reflection of the life of the community, are intended interpretation and dissemination of culture and know-how of a company with personality.
Andorra surprised by the many museums that offer visitors a wide range of culture, where art lives with nature, culture and art events today. In just 468 km2, we find nineteen museum infrastructures spread over all the parishes, which will satisfy the expectations of all who want to discover charming museums, landmarks and even enjoy the most unique collections.
Sanctuary of Our Lady of MERITXELL
The sanctuary consists of a set of assets and liabilities: the old Romanesque church, the new sanctuary and a royal road to oratorios and a cross term.
The old chapel dedicated to St. Mary, patron saint of Andorra, underwent a major transformation during the S. XVII. In 1972, caught fire and was rebuilt in 1994. Today it houses the permanent exhibition Meritxell memory, which shows the history of the devotion of the Andorran people by their patron.
The new sanctuary is a temple designed by the architect Ricard Bofill (1976). This eclectic building synthesizes the work of man and the surrounding landscape. The workshop is a reproduction of Romanesque sculpture of the Virgin Mary of Meritxell.
MUSEUM OF 2 WHEELS (M2R)
Balance, composure, two wheels and the unmistakable pungent smell of gasoline. This cocktail has played throughout history since 1885, Gottlieb Daimler built the first motorcycle in history. Its evolution, marked by both progress tencológicos as design trends at all times, has been a gateway to the vicissitudes of lahumanidad and accompanied at work, leisure, sport, inthe war and peace.
The M2R Canillo is the first museum with these features in Andorra and pays tribute to this beloved vehicle that deserves undoubtedly a place in the pages of history. The space houses the most unique and representative machines of all time, from the early twentieth century until today.
CHRIST HOUSE MUSEUM
Christ The house offers visitors a unique opportunity to contemplate how to live in a humble home Andorran nineteenth century and first half of the twentieth century.
The building, a tenement close between party walls, has three floors filled with small details of everyday life: the tools polished by use, the sink slab, the old christening dress, the secret drawer where the owner hid a little money, etc.. There is no luxury, nothing superfluous, quite a demonstration of work and austerity.
SACRED ART MUSEUM
Very near the parish church of Santa Eulalia in Encamp find a small museum dedicated to religious art of the parish. Divided into three rooms (jewelry, textiles, and paper), the museum presents a background of liturgical objects from churches in the area.
We note the remains of a Romanesque wrought iron chandelier, from Sant Roma vila, a bronze censer of the fourteenth century, a Vera Cruz in 1571 and playing the medieval codex Beatus of Liebana and parchments of the sixteenth and XVII. the museum visit can be completed with the parish church.
NATIONAL AUTOMOBILE MUSEUM
The National Automobile Museum shows the evolution of vehicles throughout their existence, broadcasted since steam Pinette (1885), the oldest piece of the museum, until the second half of S. XX. The collection, considered one of the most important in southern Europe, consists of eighty vehicles, sixty one hundred motorcycles and bicycles. This fund is supplemented by a set of objects related to the automotive world: miniatures, posters, advertising, accessories, etc..
The visit to discover how these mechanical devices have been used to transport people and goods around the world and have been one of the most important challenges of S.XX.
MUSEUM D’ARENY CAS-PLANDOLIT
La casa d’Areny-Plandolit is one of the most emblematic museums in Andorra. This house dates from S. XVII, but most of the structures are half of the S. Century, when the family’s economic boom thanks to the figure of Don Guillem d’Areny-Plandolit and its activities related to the figure of iron.
The furniture and household goods remain faithful to the lifestyle of family and social status and sets out the objects of a time when luxuries were unknown in the valleys of Andorra and limited to this family, the only country with knighthood .
The tour takes us to Andorra in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and includes a walk through the gardens of the campus, which also included the former Museum of denatured animals (1930), now restored as the National Auditorium of Andorra.
NATURE CENTER OF CORTINADA
The Nature Center of Cortinada is located at the House of Cortinada Masover. An interactive center to help you experiment with elements that came from the mountains, hear the sounds of nature, discover its fragrances and flavors.
The building houses the permanent exhibition “2,104 meters” to find out the formation of the Pyrenees and weather events that have shaped the landscape of Andorra. The space made accessible to the visitor a series of thematic exhibitions where you will discover the fauna and flora of the country.
MILLING AND CAL PAL sawmill
The mill and the mill are a clear example of the active past the valley of Ordino. The buildings date from the late sixteenth and early seventeenth stopped working around the sixties and were restored and opened on July 21, 1996.
The visit is a demonstration of wood carving using a hydraulic saw where you can see the reel and all the elements that comprise it. During the visit the mill, through the demonstration will discover the process of turning wheat into flour. all tours in demonstration will be accompanied by appropriate explanatory video.
MUSEUM AND MINIATURE ICONOGRAPHIC
The museum has two collections that include the subject of miniature and religious iconography. The exhibition displays art of micro-miniature handmade unique pieces from other materials such as platinum and or common materials like paper, fruit seeds or grains of rice.
It also offers the possibility to visit the iconographic exhibition which displays hundreds of icons that represent the artistic expression of religious art Russian Orthodox, Ukrainian, Bulgarian and Byzantine of the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The collection also includes audiovisual items and 200 volumes of documentation exposes the theme itself.
The Museum of Pin makes available to the visitor a unique collection: more than 106,000 different pins will bring us to the most important facts of history and take us to the most unique around the world. Find represented all imaginable topics: sports, children, travel, events, culture …. over 189 subjects distributed in different windows.
We also find a multimedia area which you can watch the videos of the museum’s appearances on television and the facts and relevanes stories in this collection.
The need to communicate is inherent in human beings and communicating at a distance has been a challenge for society. From the cry to new technologies, the media have evolved dramatically.
Andorra Postal Museum, located in the restored hut of Raser, shown through an audio-visual world of the post and explains how this system of communication has evolved from ancient times to today. This gives access to the postal history of Andorra and see how the stamps and letters, elements of a communication system established, relate to people and peoples. The collection consists of 50,000 stamps, some of which date from 1928. It complements this background with the display of the processes of preparing and printing of stamps and philatelic various curiosities.
HOUSE MUSEUM RULL
The Rull house was one of the most important houses in the parish of La Massana. lived under his roof heirs and heiresses, and segundonas younger sons, waiters and maids.
The main structure is X. Century, with later modifications according to the changing needs of the family in S. XIX the building suffered a fire that damaged the attic. Currently comprises a ground floor, two floors and an attic.
The tour takes us to Andorra in the XIX and early twentieth century and brings us closer to the way of life of Perich family in the farming and cattle raising were the economic base of rural society Andorra.
INTERPRETATION CENTRE ROMANESQUE ANDORRA
The interpretive center features Romanesque Andorra, through an audio-visual and exhibition, the main features of this artistic style and its evolution in the valleys, and all art forms: from the parts of a church to the translation of the paintings and process, not to mention other art shows.
On display, among other pieces, the keystone of an arch with decorative wall painting of Sant Esteve from Andorra la Vella (S. XII), a wooden tool builder in Santa Coloma de épcoa medieval side of studs altar table from Sant Roma de Vila (S.XIII), a polychrome wood thorny cross of Sant Cerni of Nagol (S.XIII, etc.).
INTERPRETATION CENTRE The Rossell Forge
The Rossell Forge was built between 1842 and 1846 and despite a short period of inactivity, remained open until 1876. These dates make it one of the last active forges Andorra and a living example of pre-industrial heritage of the country.
The Rossell Forge current interpretation of the iron center, told through a visual and a hammer demonstration, the process of transforming iron ore into ingots and subsequent marketing in the Catalan market, also shows the tools to work this material: The tube, oven, etc …
VALL MUSEUM HOUSE
The Casa de la Vall is the headquarters of the General Council of Andorra Parliament. This is a landmark building for its historical significance.
In 1419 an organization is ratified interparochial called Earth Council, which subsequently served in the General Council of the Valleys of Andorra.
The house was built in 1580, belonged to the family Busquets and was acquired in 1702 by the General Council. The building is quadrangular and three bays, following the typology of noble Catalan farmhouses. On the main facade are displayed Andorra shield current and former (after S. XIV) and highlights some elements of defense: dormer, tower and battlements. In 1962 the building was restored. In the gardens we find the dovecote tower, a font, a cross-term and contemporary commemorative sculptures.
MUSEUM OF SNUFF
The museum is a landmark building of the early twentieth century, where was the old Reig tobacco factory in Sant Julia de Loria, which ran from 1909 to 1957, time when the cultivation and manufacture of snuff were instrumental in the life people and people of Andorra.
Through a multimedia system, the visitor is guided by a tour of the factory in explaining the various work processes to snuff, manufacturing and marketing products. The museum includes utensils, mills, machinery, furniture and flavorings used in the factories of snuff during the first half of the twentieth century.
ART CENTER ESCALDES-ENGORDANY (CAEE)
The CAEE is located in a historic building in the parish of Escaldes, which was built by the monks of Montserrat and the Catalan architect Celestí Gusi between 1932 and 1934. The building was designed in order to accommodate the parking of the Hotel Valira and the former parish school. Later became the Film Valira, the first film in the country.
Currently, the CAEE is a cultural space that preserves and exhibits two permanent collections, one dedicated to the sculpture by Josep Viladomat and a collection dedicated to the models of Romanesque art in Andorra. In addition to the permanent collections, the CAEE has a room for temporary exhibitions and cultural programming for all audiences.
MUSEUM OF PERFUME
The Perfume Museum invites visitors to tour the world of essences and flavorings, and descrubrir the origins and evoke feelings. Through the perfume discover the history of Andorra and the world, where the scents mark the passageof time and leave us a legacy of thousands of bottles that hide most unique smells. The exposure vials and perfume related items give us a perspective on the development of industry and the art of perfume throughout the twentieth century.
The museum offers a multimedia tour, which will relive special moments and remember the people and feelings through the aromas. It also offers the ability to create our own perfume. An experience that will awaken our senses.